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EKENGREN M. - The EU and Emerging Security Challenges (25h)

This course aims to develop an understanding of emerging security threats and the challenges they pose to the European Union. It focuses on threats such as forced migration, radicalisation, hybrid warfare, cyber terrorism, food security, climate change, natural disasters, pandemics, energy shortages, and critical infrastructure disruptions. After introducing the concepts of widening security, transboundary crisis management, resilience, civil-military coordination, gender mainstreaming, and private-public partnership, the course analyses the actors, policies and institutions of the EU. It presents theories that help to explain the driving forces behind the EU’s growing role in the field and explores constraints and opportunities for the creation of Union security.

The course provides in-depth analyses of the EU’s security tools and crisis management capacity. It covers a wide variety of instruments across the Union’s institutions and policy sectors - including civil protection, cyber security, humanitarian aid, health, transport, energy, information technology, and gender implementation. The EU’s capacity is examined in all phases of crisis management: prevention, preparation, response and recovery. Special attention is given to the Union’s Internal Security Strategy, the Solidarity Clause, and the Civil Protection Article in the EU treaties and the impact of emerging threats on the Common Security and Defence Policy, the European Neighbourhood Policy, and the EU’s cooperation with international partners. Institutional focus is put on the Standing Committee on Operational Cooperation on Internal Security (COSI), the European Commission’s Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) and the crisis platform within the European External Action Service.

The course also analyses the relationship between the EU institutions and EU member states. It discusses where, when, and how EU cooperation can provide the most added value for EU member states and European security. The course provides analytical tools for evaluating in relation to what threats, in which forms, and in which policy sectors and phases of crisis management EU cooperation is most effective and legitimate. To inspire this discussion the course includes an exercise on transboundary EU crisis management.
The EU’s policies are critically assessed in the light of current EU crisis management (e.g. in the volcanic ash cloud crisis in 2010 and the refugee 'crisis'). The course evaluates cross-sector coordination within the EU and the balance between liberty rights and security measures.

Professor: Magnus EKENGREN

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