Onglets principaux

BUTTERWICK-PAWLIKOWSKI Richard - The Paris Peace Conference of 1919-20 (4h)

In this simulation game students take on the roles of the victorious Allies, defeated Central Powers and aspirant new or restored nation-states at the Paris peace conference of 1919-20. Following the First World War (1914-18), statesmen and diplomats from across the globe gathered in Paris to draft, negotiate and impose the treaties of Versailles with Germany, of St.-Germain-en-Laye with Austria, of Neuilly-sur-Seine with Bulgaria, of Trianon with Hungary, and of Sèvres with the Ottoman Empire. However the Allies’ attempt to partition the Ottoman Empire was only partially successful, and a further treaty was signed with the new Turkish state at Lausanne in 1923. The ‘Versailles order’ is often presented as a failure, particularly in Western Europe. The causes of the Second World War are sometimes located in the attempt to replace multi-national continental empires with nation-states according to the principle of national self-determination. Others have countered that the problem with the Treaty of Versailles was the failure to enforce it rigorously. Moreover, several member states of the EU regained or gained their independence  in 1918, and so the Paris conference is generally seen in a positive light, by, for example, Poles and Czechs. Spread over four hours, the conference will consist of plenary sessions, committee work and informal negotiations and lobbying. Committees will deal with the League of Nations, Germany (including reparations and colonies), the frontiers of Austria and Hungary and post-Ottoman and Balkan arrangements. The final decision will be announced by the ‘Big Four’. Students will face empathetic challenges – no participant will represent their own country, and they are expected to prepare themselves for their roles by reading. A points system will be used to judge how far the objectives of each delegation have been achieved.// ECTS Card