Honorary Professor at the College of Europe since 2016.

Visiting Professor in the Department of European Economic Studies from 1990 to 1994 and from 1999 to 2016.

Degree in Law at the University of Milan and MA and Mphil at Yale Graduate School, Department of Economics.

Director-General of ASSONIME (Associazione fra le Società per Azione). Chairman of the Scientific Council School of European Political Economy (SEP) of LUISS. Member of the Board of Directors of CIR Group and of the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels. Former Director-General for Industry at the European Commission (1994-1998).

Co-editor and author of volumes on the EMS (1988), on adjustment and integration in the world economy (1992), on the Italian economy (1993), on inflation in Europe (1997); author of various articles in Italian and international scientific publications on macroeconomics, international economics and European economic and policy affairs. Has written influential Policy Briefs for CEPS and Vox-Eu, editorial comments for Il Sole 24 Ore, La Stampa, the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal Europe, La Voce, Project Syndicate, and at present collaborates regularly with La Repubblica – Affari e Finanza.