Mark Lewis is Associate Professor of European History at the City University of New York (College of Staten Island and the Graduate Center). He received a BA from Stanford University and an MA and PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles. His research areas include the history of international criminal law and the history of the political police in Central Europe and the Balkans. He is the co-author of Himmler’s Jewish Tailor: The Story of Holocaust Survivor Jacob Frank (Syracuse University Press, 2000). The book is the oral history of a tailor from Lublin, Poland who was in charge of the clothing factory at the Lipowa Street labor camp in Lublin during World War Two. Lewis is also the author of The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950 (Oxford University Press, Paperback 2016.) The book analyzes the history of the idea of international tribunals and the role that non-governmental organizations played in developing the concept of individual criminal liability for war crimes, crimes against humanity, terrorism, and genocide. The Birth of the New Justice won the inaugural Bronisław Geremek Prize (2015) from the European Civilization Chair at the College of Europe at Natolin and the 2013 Fraenkel Prize from the Wiener Library in London.